The most famous and spectacular Sanctuary of Machupicchu of the Continent, considered by UNESCO as Cultural Patrimony of Humanity. In addition to the archaeological wonders, it has an exotic flora with more than 180 species of orchids, as well as abundant fauna, including the spectacled bear and the cock of the rocks (rupícola Peruvianis), a national bird.
The Historical Sanctuary of Machupicchu is a cultural and natural heritage that has 35 archaeological groups, the main one being the citadel of Machu Picchu; it shelters 10% of the flora and 20% of the fauna existing in Peru.
Machu picchu is one of the archaeological remains that arouses a particular interest in the entire world and is undoubtedly the best expression that demonstrates the capacity of building that the Andean man tube. Many theories about Machupicchu are proposed, of which we have the following:
The first theory indicates that this city was unknown to Spaniards because their structures remained almost intact until the time of their discovery, which did not happen with the other architectural constructions belonging to the Inka era that were known by the Spaniards since they were They were destroyed in their by them. And for the lack of data written in the chronicles since none mention it.
The second theory indicates that it was the refuge of the Ñustas or virgins of the sun, for which it was Sacred City, this theory is given because the arrival of the Spaniards, the Inca rulers, in order to avoid more thefts, made escape to these chosen women to a secret place in the Andes, being this place the city of Machupicchu; this theory is also explained by the discovery of 107 human remains of which the majority were female remains. A third theory states that Machupicchu was the last Capital of the Empire and that Vilcabamba was the last Inca refuge where the Incas retired under the command of Manco Inca in 1536 when he was defeated by the Spaniards after besieging Cusco.
>> MEANING OF THE WORD MACHUPICCHU: The Quechua name is due to the toponymy of the mountain that is called Machupicchu, Quechua word that decomposed means Machu = old, Picchu = mountain. This would mean an old mountain. It is unknown what the ancient name of the historic sanctuary of Machupicchu would have been.
>> LOCATION: The archaeological zone is located on the left bank of the Vilcanota River; in the Quebrada de Kusichaca, in the district of Machupicchu, province of Urubamba, department of Cusco.
>> AREA: The Historic Sanctuary of Machupicchu has an area of 32,592 hectares.
>> ALTITUDE: It is 2490 meters above sea level, taking as reference the Main Square of the archaeological site.
>> CLIMATE: Because it is in a subtropical zone it has a temperature that
It oscillates between 8º to 22º C. The rainiest months go from December to April.